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Tx19a

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The Toshiba TX19A inside most Canon DSLR Camera is the MPU, which is certainly the I/O manager.

Tx19

The TX19A (TMP19A43FDXBG, in RED square) on the 50D mainboard.

550D, 600D: TMP19A43CDXBG.

See HV30_Firmware_Analysis#Processor_and_architecture

TMP19A43CDXBG/TMP19A43FDXBGEdit

SpecsEdit

  • 512K Flash
  • 24K RAM
  • Big endian, 16 and 32 bit ISA, MIPS 16 ASE
  • 18 I/O ports
  • 10-bit ADC
  • 8-bit DAC

...

Memory MapEdit

  • 0xFFFFE000 - 0xFFFFFFFF: I/O registers (from datasheet)
    • f000 - f08f: I/O ports
    • f090 - f091: watchdog
    • f140 - f23f: 16-bit timer
    • f250 - f25f: i2c/sio
    • f260 - f28f: uart/sio
    • f300 - f31f: 10-bit adc
    • f330 - f33f: 8-bit dac
    • f360 - f38f: key on wake-up circuit
    • f400 - f42f: 32-bit input capture
    • f440 - f47f: 32-bit output compare
    • e000 - e10f: interrupt controller
    • e200 - e37f: dma controller
    • e400 - e49f: cs/wait controller (?)
    • e510 - e52f: flash control
    • e540 - e57f: ROM correction
    • e700 - e71f: clock timer
    • e800 - e84f: uart/hsio
    • ee00 - ee4f: clock generator
  • 0xFFFF8000 - 0xFFFFDFFF: built-in RAM
  • 0x00000000 - 0x0007FFFF: internal ROM? (code executes from here)
  • 0xBFC00000 - 0xBFC7FFFF: internal ROM copy?
  • Note: TX19A only allows using Kernel mode

FeaturesEdit

See TX19A43 features (here) including:

  • High-Speed Multipoint AF
    • High-speed AD converter (for processing analog signals from an AF sensor)
    • High-speed multiply accumulate operation
  • Large Number of External Interrupt Lines
  • Motor Control with Sync Start Control
    • PPG (PWM)
  • High-Speed E2PROM Supported

...

Strings found in MPU codeEdit

In 550D 1.0.6 update, record #2 (k270_mpu.mot). See Update_records.

First column is offset in hex.

    509 AE_GERO_DATA_T:
    51c [AE]Read Error!
...
   128b EF-S
   1290 TS-E
   1295 MP-E
   12d5 1200
   12da 10-22
   12e0 16-35
   12e6 17-35
   12ec 17-40
   12f2 17-55
...
   2860  Switch State Information 
   287b  LockSw                        : 
   289d Lock(Off)
   28a7 UnLock(On)
   28b2  CardCover                     : 
   28d4 Open
   28d9 Close
   28df  BatCover                      : 
   2901  SDDetectSw                    : 
   292a  Sw1                           : 
   294c  Sw2                           : 
   296e  AELockButton                  : 
   2990  SpdnButton                    : 
   29b2  StroboPopUpButton             : 
   29d4  StroboPopEndSw                : 
   29f6  AFFrameSelectButton           : 
   2a18  ISOButton                     : 
   2a3e }Button                    : 
   2a5c  SetButton                     : 
   2a7e  MenuButton                    : 
   2aa0  PlayButton                    : 
   2ac2  EraseButton                   : 
   2ae4  DisplayButton                 : 
   2b06  EasyDirect&QuickSetting       : 
   2b28  RECStartButton                : 
   2b4a  CrossUp                       : 
   2b6c  CrossDown                     : 
   2b8e  CrossRight                    : 
   2bb0  CrossLeft                     : 
   2bd2  ModeDial                      : 
   2bf4 Program
   2c02 Manual
   2c09 A-DEP
   2c0f Green
   2c15 NightPortrait
...
   301b [MAIN]:popup mech
   302e [MAIN]:popend fault
   3043 [MAIN]:aux popup end
   305a GetJunkBvCountLiveView ERROR
   3078 [MAIN]:<TIMEOUT>lv ae
   308f [MAIN]:<WARNING>illegal iso data
   30b4 [MAIN]:lv started mech
   30cc [MAIN]:lv mirr down
   30e4 [MAIN]:<TIMEOUT>rel event from mech
   3109 [MAIN]:<ERR>(
   311a [MAIN]:<TIMEOUT>popup event from mech
   314c [MAIN]:dcdc-ic current chk err
   316c [MAIN]:dcdc-ic write err
   3186 [MAIN]:dcdc-ic read err [
   31a4 [MAIN]:BC
   31b7 [MAIN]:BC
   31ca [BC PRINT]:Vop -> 
   31dd (raw:
   31e6 [BC PRINT]:Aop -> 
   31f9 [BC PRINT]:Vbc -> 
   320c [BC PRINT]:Abc -> 
   321f [BC PRINT]:Vfo1 -> 
   3235 [BC PRINT]:Vfo2 -> 
   3249 [BC PRINT]:VfoSt -> 
   325e [BC PRINT]:R -> 
   3270 [MAIN]:<TIMEOUT>mech restore
...
   4038 DUMPB
   403e DUMPW
   4044 DUMPL
...
   40ee   MPU Ver...0x
   40fd   MPU code   area check sum...0x
   4126  LgSelSw                       : 
   414f  BatSelSw0                     : 
   4171  BatSelSw1                     : 
   4196 Too Long!
   41a6 SERVO
   41b6 parameter err
   41c6 ---power info---
   41d8 bat kind
   41e3 (Grip)
   41ea level
   41f2 vbat(noload)
   4201 vbat(bcon)
   420e mech pwm
   4219 tchk ad
   4230 ---temperature info---
   4248 aeic
   424f efic
   4256 Atemp(
   4261 AtempAD:
   426a LVTIME:
   4272 MovieTime:
...
   4415 MON>>
   4420 E1ON
   4425 MON>>
   442c E1OFF
   4447 T-----------------------------------------------------------
   4484                K270 Debug Monitor (Ver 1.00)               
   44c0      Copyright(C) CANON INC. 2007  All Rights Reserved.    
   44fc -----------------------------------------------------------
...
  1d52c MDUMP
  1d552 .QMDUMPB
  1d57a .QMDUMPW
  1d5a2 .QMDUMPL
  1d5ca .QMMOT
  1d5f2 1)FCBDUMP
  1d61c FCBR
  1d644 FCBW
  1d694 TITLE
  1d6bc ABOUT
  1d734 S00F00006B3237305F6565702E6D6F74D5
  1d75a E-S00F00006B3237305F6565702E6D6F74D5
  1d782 BQEEPR
  1d7ac EEPW
  1d7d2 BQMLOAD
  1d7fa E-MRESET
  1d822 FQEXEC
  1d84a :ESW
  1d872 3yON
  1d8c4 DISPALLON
  1d8ea 4UDISPALLOFF
  1d912 4eDISPBLINK
  1d93a 4uDISPTEST
  1d964 TESTBUZZER
  1d98c TESTEL
  1d9b4 TESTSELFLED
  1d9dc TESTFLED
  1da02 6ATESTSIDUTY
  1da2c TESTSI
  1da54 TESTRELEASE
  1da7a 7!TESTPWROFF
  1daa4 BCINFO
  1dacc BATKIND
  1daf4 TEMPINFO
  1db1a 9-PRINTLEVEL
  1db44 UPBNY
  1db6a P5SENDICU
...

DisassemblingEdit

Requirements to disassemble TX19a code:

  • IDA Pro 6.2 with MIPS support + TX19A plug-in (Done by JollyRogerXP from CHDK forum)
  • IDA Pro 6.3 with TX19A support

to compile JollyRogerXP's plug-in use this documentation: http://www.binarypool.com/idapluginwriting/idapw.pdf and settings in section 3.1

In IDA:

  1. chooses MIPS big endian processor
  2. loading address is 0xffff8000 for file k250_mpu.mot_ffff8000.bin, for example
  3. activate the tx19A plug-in
  4. Alt-G to set the MIPS16 virtual register to 1
  5. Hit C for Code

it looks like this

ROM:FFFF8000  # Processor       : mipsb
ROM:FFFF8000  # Target assembler: GNU assembler
ROM:FFFF8000  # Byte sex        : Big endian
ROM:FFFF8000
ROM:FFFF8000 .set noreorder
ROM:FFFF8000 .set noat
ROM:FFFF8000
ROM:FFFF8000
ROM:FFFF8000  # ===========================================================================
ROM:FFFF8000
ROM:FFFF8000  # Segment type: Pure code
ROM:FFFF8000                 .text # ROM
ROM:FFFF8000                 .set mips16
ROM:FFFF8000                 save    0x10
ROM:FFFF8004                 mov32r  $s1, $a1
ROM:FFFF8006                 mov32r  $s2, $a2
ROM:FFFF8008                 lui     $a2, 0
ROM:FFFF800C                 addiu8  $a2, 0x8E88
ROM:FFFF8010                 lw      $a1, 0($a2)
ROM:FFFF8012                 li      $v0, 0xFF
ROM:FFFF8014                 sb      $v0, 0($a1)
ROM:FFFF8016                 li      $v0, 0x80
ROM:FFFF8018                 and     $v0, $a0
ROM:FFFF801A                 bnez    $v0, loc_FFFF8020
ROM:FFFF801C                 li      $v0, 0
ROM:FFFF801E                 sb      $v0, 0($a1)
ROM:FFFF8020
ROM:FFFF8020 loc_FFFF8020:


See also: SIO3_MREQ, Update_records, Datasheets

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